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IT July 18, 1885
The Record and Guide.
THE RECORD AND GUIDE,
Piblished every Saturday.
191 Broad.'wav, IST. "^.
Our Telephone Call is.....JOHN 370.
ONE YEAR, In advance, SIX DOLLARS.
Communications should be addressed to
C. W. SWEET, 191 Broadway.
J. T. LINDSEY, Business Manager.
JULY 18, 1885.
The half-yearly Inde^r, which we present to our subscribers toith
this issue, icill be found of the utmost value to those who have files
of The Record and Guide for the pa.^t six months, and who
require to make frequent references to the Conveyances published
therein. The Index gives a completeness to the volume ivhich ivould
otherwise be lacking. It enables the searcher at a momenVs notice
to find the Conveyance he requires. The pages are given on which
this can immediately be found, and the streets and avemtes are so
sub-divided that but few references are required. All the facts
about Conveyances ayid Projected Buildings are by this Index at once
made available. Subscribers can obtain a suitable binder at this
office for one dollar,
The Times is engaged in the bootless taskâ€”bootless thus farâ€”of
discussing the inequalities of taxation, real estate being compelled
to pay about nine-tenths of the total tax levy, while personal
property escapes with the payment of the other tenth. The remedy
proposed for this injustice by the Times is both heroic and pecuÂ¬
liar. As all personal property cannot be readied for purposes of
assessment, that journal would suspend the search for such nn
intangible substance, and impose all taxes on realty. This would
be a novel way of doing justice to real estate. Supposing we
suggest, instead, the abandonment of aU direct taxation and the
adoption of the principle known to fiscal economists as a tax on
consumption. There is no injustice in the workings of our
federal system of taxation. Every citizen pays according to his
actual expenditures, if not strictly in accordance with his alÂ»ility
to exi>end, and this is near enough to fair play for all practical
purposes. This suggestion is not made, however, with the hope
of making an immediate revolution. The system of direct taxaÂ¬
tion is unscientific to the last degree ; but it is traditional, and men
cling to their traditions with more persistency than they cling to
their grandmothers. But if the inevitable and apparently useless
discussion of the subject of tax injustice must proceed it will be
just as well to point out that the system of a tax on expenditures,
or consumption, is the only system against which complaint has
never been made. Practically, it is an income tax system, a pill
gilded for the stomachs of weak patients.
all charges, returned fifty-two cents per share of stock. It is a
battle between two giants, and, though both are badly wounded, one
must die. It will evidently not be the Central road. But if the
West Shore road cannot make money it can make time. A train
was recently driven from Buffalo to Weehawken in nine hours and
twenty-seven minutes ; 201 miles between two points having been
made in about 201 minutes. The road deserves, we will not say a
better fate than it seems to meet, but a better location than its proÂ¬
No doubt there is an indelicacy in Mr, Chandler's coming forward
as the advocate of John Roach. But Mr. Chandler has never made
any particular pretensions that we know of to scrupulous delicacy.
When we admit his indelicacy and begin to examine his logic, it
must be admitted that he has at every point the better ofthe AttorÂ¬
ney-general. The claim of the Attorney-general is that it was the
business of a shipbuilder to know, before taking a contract to build
a vessel in conformity with certain plans and specifications, that
these plans and specifications would answer the purpose of the
designers, and fulfil their hopes about speed and strength. This
claim is simply monstrous. Mr. Chandler disposes of it very eflfect-
tially. As we have said several times, Mr. Roach is in exactly
the same position as a builder who is carrying out the plans of an
architect. If he has carried out those plans faithfully, with suitÂ¬
able materials and good workmanship, he is responsible no further.
It is claimed that the workmanship and materials of the Dolphin
were not good; but this has not been proved. Unless it is proved,
it is a disgrace to the government to keep Mr. Roach out of his
money for the purpose of scoring a partisan point on the part of the
present administration against its predecessor. The reputation of
" a great constitutional lawyer " which Mr. Garland brought from
Arkansas he will not retain unless he does something better towards
sustaining it than his ridiculous opinion in the case of the Dolphin.
Nobody ever called Mr. Chandler a great constitutional lawyer,
but he has no difficulty in exposing Mr. Garland's fallacies by the
light of nature and common sense.
Mayor Low has been induced to say something unusually worthy
of comment by an interviewer who sought his views on the politÂ¬
ical situation. "Heretofore," he says, "the legislation with
reference to cities has b en without any governing principle whatÂ¬
ever.*' This is true in one sense ; but in another sense it is not
true at all. There is a principle that governs legislation affecting
municipalities at Albany. It is the principle that makes combinaÂ¬
tions favorable to factions and rings, and that rewards personal and
political service and punishes enemies. This may not be a very
good principle. It may not be the kind of principle which Mayor
Low held in his mind while making his philosophical reflection ;
but it is a principle nevertheless, and it has fashioned more laws,
made ostensibly for the benefit of New York, than any other shapÂ¬
ing motive. Brooklyn, not having felt the effect of this beneficent
principle to the degree that it has been felt on this side of the East
River, may think that she is drifting along without a rudder, and
at the mercy of the winds and tides. But we can assure her that
the needle is not truer to the pole than the Albany Legislature to
this guiding principle. As our sister city becomes more metropoliÂ¬
tan in her interests and influence she may learn to appreciate this
truth more fully.
It is not to be presumed that the contest between the West Shore
and New York Central railroads can last very long. The report of
the former road lo the railroad commissioners for the first quarter
of this year shows that while the expenditures were $1,328,003 the
receipts were only $838,129, leaving a deficit of |439,874. As the
road is not paying any interest this is rather a startling exhibit.
The f^ftrnings of the Central ypad for tU^ fifttne P^Pq^, after paying
Some time ago the board of estimate made an extra appropriaÂ¬
tion of $150,000 to the health department in view of the chance
that we might be visited by cholera during the summer. This
was a wise provision. In order to spend the money the Mayor, the
President of the Board of Health and the Commissioner of Street
Cleaning have decided to appoint forty additional inspectors for
service north of Fourteenth street. The duty of these men is to see
that ashes and garbage are put in the receptacles provided for
them, that no refuse is thrown into the street or the gutters, and
that no lilth accumulates in the yards or alleys of tenement houses.
What are the policemen to do? There is not one of the things
which the additional inspectors are appointed for, except the
inspection of alleys and backyards, which a patrolman ought not to
attend to with regard to all the houses on his post as part of his daily
duty. A few inspectors might be appointed by the commissioners
of street cleaning to look into the backyards fyid to see that the
police did their duty about the sidewalks. This inspection from
another department would have the effect of keeping the police
sharply up to their work. It is true that the police force is not
large enough, and that in some precincts the beats are outrageously
long. But that is a reason for appointing more policemen and
spending upon them the money now devoted to additional inspecÂ¬
tors, instead of appointing these inspectors to do the duty of the
policemen and leave the police without oocupation, except in the
case of a street fight.
The opponents of the Silver Coinage Law affect to commend the
action of a portion of the banks of this city when they offer to
exchange $10,000,000 in gold with the Treasury, receiving in return
subsidiary silver coin, or other funds approved by the Clearing
House Association. This is a very theatrical piece of business.
We suppose that some of the opponents of silver coinage are honest
in their convictions of impending danger. Men have of ten been
honest in their belief that they saw a ghost; but there were more
than a million chances to one that they were deceived. The memÂ¬
bers of the New York Clearing House Association know that
their operations amount to between forty and fifty billion
dollars per year, of which only a very insignificant fraction is
represented by the currency that actually changes hands, whether
of gold, silver, treasury notes or the notes of the national banks.
How idle then to believe that the country is threatened with disÂ¬
aster by the addition of $24,000,000 per year to its currency, whatÂ¬
ever the material of which the addition is comi^osed. If the
country meets with trouble through this increase it will be because
certain men are bound to precipitate disaster for their own purÂ¬
poses. The Treasury is in no need of $10,000,000 in gold, raised by
extraordinary means, to prevent the advent of the silver standard^
The announcement that Flood Rock has been almost sufficiently
mioÂ§(} a-nd ronnteri:nined tobÂ§ mdy for the h]mt which is to finally