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ESTABUSHED-^ WARPH 2|ii^
De/oJEO to R.E>,L EsTME , 8uiL0lf/G Af^cKlTECTJI^E .HobSCMOLD DEGORATIOiJ,
BUsii^ESS a(Jd Themes of GefjER^l l;iTÂ£i\EST
PRICE, PER YEAR IN ADVANCE, SIX DOLLARS.
Published every Saturday.
TELEPHONE, - - . . JOHN 370.
Communications should be addressed to
C. W, SWEET, 191 Broadway.
7. T. LINDSEY, Business Manager.
NOVEMBER 17, 1888.
" Glimpses of the Future, Suggestions as to the Drift of Tilings,"
" Sir Oracle's" book, is now ready for delivery. It can be procured
at The Record and Guide office, and its price is one dollar a copy.
The author declares that he does not wish Ms work to be judged until
the year 2,000 ,- but our readers are invited to render their verdict
before the close of the present year. As we stated recently, this work
is composed almost entirely of new matter, and treats largely of
the more vital topics that would not be proper to discuss in the
columns of a business journal like The Record ksd Gdide.
General business continues to be very quiet, and tbe hopeful
views of tbose who iireciicted an immediate revival after the elecÂ¬
tion of the EepublJcan candidate remain only hopeful views; the
â facts are against them. Tbe victors in the battle so recently fought
out claim tbat tliey have been so badly wounded, or ratlier so
badly frightened, in the four months' campaign, tbat tbey are unable
at once to realize tbe benefits of their victoi-y. This is, in a me.T,s-
ure, ehown by the stoppage of part of the Higgins' carpet worts,
which for montbs have beeu piling up stock, not having the usual
outlet, so tbat now they must wait for orders. Tliis firm is tyi^ical
of hundreds of other manufacturers, each of whom represents difÂ¬
ferent Unes of gcods. Cotton goods manufactiu-ers, woolen goods
manufacturers, sOk goods manufacturers, all are going through
the same experienceâtoo mucb stock, too few orders. ConÂ¬
cessions in prices are the rule, still buyers do not take hold,
and tbere is nothing in the immediate outlook to justify the
precUction of any sudden change. The opposite of aE this seems
to have been going on in England, where business has been so good
that nearly every recent strike of workmen has been successful.
The coming year will be an important one should this condition of
things continue in the two countries, and the practical working of
business in Protection America and Free Trade England will do
more to settle tbe vexed problem as to which system is the better
tbau all the theories iu tbe already overstocked literature of tbe day
concerning free trade.
There seems to be a growing feeling that real estate in this -ricinity
will get a better show under Mayor Hugh J. Grant tban it has had
under any previous Chief Magistrate of the city. The Mayor-elect
knows all about New York real estate, and tbe measures he approves
and the appointments be will make will undoubtedly bave the
effect of lowering taxes while adding to the value of New York
realty. The uew Mayor will bave extraordinary authority in
appointments. He should try, however, to get the Legislatm-e
to permit him equal power in removals. Unfortunately, at
present, once a head of a department is appointed he is practically
independent of the Mayor. The Legislature, however, will be
largely Republican, andit may not care to add to the authority of
â au already powerful Democratic Cliief Magistrate. Of course.
Mayor Grant will generally appoint Tammany Democrats to office.
Tills wiil not be so objectionable if the appointees consider the
interests of the city first aud tbat of Tammany Hall afterwards. If
he is as successful in the Mayor's office as be was in the SherifE's
office, Mr. Grant lias a chance to become one of the foremost men
of tiie country. Should, however, the city government be i-iin in
tlie interests of Tammany Hall mainly, he will go out of office under
a cloud. Oue advantage in giving the Mayor responsibility is tbat
it makes it to bis interest to serve tbe general public rather tban
the party faction behind him.
One lion in the path of Mayor-elect Grant will be the suspicion
that he may be helping corporate interests in advocating certain
city improvements. We ought to have cable roads and electric
motors to replace caxs propelled by horse power, but tbere wiU
probably be an idiotic clamor raised against the new motors
because somebody will profit by the change; but the cable will
,giye Tis swifter travel and get rid of d, gi-eat mapy unneÂ¬
cessary horses which now obstruct the streets. Hence the
change should be encouraged. Then we ought to have further
utilization of our elevated road system. There should be extra
tracks and owifter transit. When this is projiosed some newsÂ¬
paper idiot will howl about paying further tribute to Jay Gould,
but what 'does it matter if tbe Manhattan road profits by furÂ¬
nishing facilities for intermural travel sorely needed by our citiÂ¬
zens. It is questions such as these that will test the business
capacity and tact of Mayor Grant.
The statistical article dealing with tbe west side building movement
of the two years ending with April last should be carefully pei'used
by everyone interested in realty in that section of the city. It is an
effort, probably for the first time, to apply the principles of exact
science, so to speak, to real estate. Tbe time, thought and labor
bestowed upon this article, to make it as coiTect and complete as
possible, can only be realized by those who have made a study of
intricate figm-ing ; and while every effort has been put forth to
make it jierfectly reliable, infallibility is not claimed, to a unit, for
the figures of houses actually taken out of the market, owing to the
possibility, in some cases, of an error on the pa,rt of a watchman,
or sorae otber representative of the owner on tbe premises, who
may bave imparted the information to our canvassers. Tbis possiÂ¬
bility, though here presented, could only have occurred in rare
instances, so that the tables are as correct as the intei-mittent and
painstaking labor of several weeks co-did have made them. They
should be studied carefully by institutions aud individuals making
loans on bond and mortgage, and they ought to be of gi-eat service
to intending builders and investors in warning them agaiust ven-
tm-ing their fortiuies in overbuilt sections, where they are Mkely to
come to grief owing to an ab-eady greater supply than the demand
The Times points out the fact that since tbe election the marÂ¬
ket price of trusts' certificates have largely advanced. Th's is
probably ti-ue of those which were legitimate business enterprises.
Tbe clamor raised against these great business organizations by
certain newspapers and the politicians was uncalled for, because
undiscrimiuating. Tliero are trusts and ti-usts; some are bad, wliile
others are a public benefit. Competition has had full sway for
half a century and has often worked badly. CoLabination has
now to be tried, with what success time alone will tell. As our
readers know, we bave never taken any stock in tliB wild denunÂ¬
ciations of these great business organizations known as trusts.
We believe tbat on the whole they will benefit the community.
The newspapers have commented, very generally, upon the disÂ¬
appearance of the Labor party during the recent Presidential canÂ¬
vass. It seems to betaken for granted that the workingmen will
never again appear in the field as a separate political organization.
But is there any warrant for this supposition ? The various trade
and labor unions, as well as tbe occasional'strikes, are training the
working peoiiie to organized efforts. The experience which they
passed through under tbe Henry George movement shows tbat it
is feasible to detach tbem from the old parties, and get them to
w^ork together for special movements, provided the object is desirÂ¬
able enougb. We tliink it likely that the time will come when a
large and more formidable movement will make its appearance.
But the leaders must Iiave some high aims in view. It is creditÂ¬
able to the workingmen that the Coogan candidacy came to grief.
Rich adventurers or ambitious tradesmen cannot purchase the votes
of tbe average laborer in any numbers. Henry George's canvass
was that of a poor but able man, who had a high purpose in -riew,
tbough his one measure, bis cm-e-all for poverty, seemed to us to
be visionary; but it was creditable that tbe poor man with an idea
should poll 68,000 votes, while the rich one who bought his nominaÂ¬
tion obtained less than 9,000.
Still, wliile we think labor parties are possible we do not regard
tbem as desirable. All organized efforts in favor of a class are to
be deprecated. We dou't waut tbis nation controlled by any oue
faction. Our political organizatiou should represent every vital
industry in the couiiti-y. History is full of warnings as to the evils
of class legislation. Soldiers, priests, the rich, the landlords and
nobles have been dominant ia this or in that nation, and they have
always misused their power. A community controlled solely by its
laboring classes would be iu just as bad a plight. It behooves us
to see that justice is done to the working people, so that they will
have no excuse for forming special organizations of their own. If
they have no complaint against legislation there will be no danger
of political combinations of the working classes. Our country is
getting to be so vast aud its interests so varied that no ono class can
ever hupe to achieve permanent supremacy. T!ie labor vote was
practically confined to a few large cities, and should th^re be
another similar combination it would be found that the farming
and other cl9,5?eB -would antagonize the workers 1;^ tliÂ§ great cities.