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RECOBD AKD GUIDE.
De/othD to Rp^lEstate.Building ARsriifrTZCTUiff JiousErioioDEOOtflHlTfi
BusiiJess Alio Themes op GEifeR^.,HfiH|g3T.
iPRICE PER YEAR IN ADVANCE SIX DOLLARS
Published every Saturday
Oommimlcatloiis should be addressed ta
C. W. SWEET, 14-16 Vesey Street. New York
S, V. LINDSET, Businesa Manager
TelepKono, Cortlandt 81S7
'Ihitered al lhe Post Office at JVew Tork, JT". Â¥., as second-clasg matter."
JUNE 14, 1902.
EARLY in the week Wall Street thought it saw a prospect
of a quick ending of the coal strike, and prices pruned
up a little. The most possible was also made of a GovernÂ¬
ment crop report, more encouraging than its predecessors of
the year. But buyers failed to respond and a dull drooping
market ensued, with a spiriting up at the close of the week.
The chief trouble is that most people have stocks to
sell and are waiting for the market to advance in order that
they may realize the proiits they think they are entitled to.
This is a familiar situation, the outcome of which has hitherto
generally been gradual liquidation through weariness or poverty
and finally a lowered scale of prices which attracted new buyÂ¬
ers. For the time being, however, holders of stocks are confiÂ¬
dent that the advance they want will be provided for them,
but the time has been extended until after the holiday and when
the July disbursements will have gone the rounds that end in
the stock marketâ€”sometime^, not always. Meanwhile, howÂ¬
ever, the strike goes on and we are having a foretaste of sumÂ¬
THERE is little new ia the foreign situation, and of what
is new the most significant is the high rate of reserve
at the Bank of England, fifty-two per cent, at a time when
money was in unusually sharp demand for the periodical settleÂ¬
ment. This looks as if the bank was strengthening itself against
some expected contingency of heavy demand, and may be in
connection with the liquidation which must inevitably result
from the cutting off of govermental purchases for the army in
Africa. The gold production of the Rand continues to increase.
The report for May was of 138,6-02 ozs., which compares with
the monthly returns since mining was resumed as follows:
April, 119,588 ozs.; March, 104,127 ozs.; February, 81,405 ozs.;
January, 70,240 ozs., and December, 1901, 52,897 ozs.; also with
a maximum production made in May, 1899, of 444,933 ozs. It is
pointed out that the present production benefits the world at
large only indirectly, because the requirements for new mining
capital in South Africa will more than offset the production for
some time to come. But as, commercially speaking, we live so
far ahead of the times, this argument is of limited application.
The topic of most earnest discussion in financial circles is what
has become to be called the Ship Combine, and it is apparent
that now John Bull's teeth, to use Lord Salisbury's inelegant
phrase, are no longer in South Africa, or, as we should put it,
the Boers' teeth are no longer in John Bull's fiesh, there is apÂ¬
parent an intention to fight the American competition, though
in what way is not so clear. Germany, however, is congratuÂ¬
lating herself upon being both in and out of the Morgan comÂ¬
bination, but her satisfaction is not quite unaccompanied by
fear of her shipping future. It is said that the negotiantions
were closely followed and scrutinized by the Kaiser and that
he gave his approval to the final terms. At the same time, the
Hamburg-American Company have amended their statutes or byÂ¬
laws to forestall attempts to put their line under foreign conÂ¬
trol. The amendments require that all directors and members
of the Board of Overseers shall be German citizens living in
Germany, and that this new provision can only be expunged
from the statutes by a four-fifths vote of the stock, repeated at
a second meeting. Of all the German industries the electrical
and the cement seem to to be in the worst condition. The iron
trade has picked up somewhat on foreign orders. Regarding
cement it is stated that the tendency toward the dissolution of
the various price combinations in the industry is quite marked.
The associations in Northern and Western Germany have beÂ¬
come practically ineffective; and it is doubted whether the
South German association can preserve its existence. One of
the worst annual reports of all the German companies is that
of the Adler factory, which is one of the best-known concerns
in Germany. It has just declared a dividend of two per cent..
against seventeen last year, and twenty-five per cent, two years
ago. In 1900 the company issued new capital at 231; the quoÂ¬
tation to-day is 107.
The Art Commission.
"^^ HE Ar^ Commission occupies at present a somewhat anom-
â– ^ alous and experimental position in the administrative
machinery of New York City. It was constituted in the beginÂ¬
ning in order to exercise a general supervision over all questions
of municipal artâ€”chiefly for the purpose of preventing the acÂ¬
ceptance by the city of ugly and perverted "works of art." But
"works of art" as defined in the first charter of the Greater New
York did not include any public buildings, aud while as a matter
of history there was some justification in this peculiar definition,
it did not make allowance for the fact that the conditions, under,
which public buildings were designed might be improved. The
revised charter included within the definition of a "work of
art" all structures erected by the municipal government, which
cost as much as $1,000,000, a provision which seemed to imply
that it was only big buildings which could obtain any artistic
character. In addition to this supervisory function over '"works
of art," however defined, the Commission is empowered to offer
"pious opinions" on artistic matters, whenever a head of a deÂ¬
partment needs it, which, apparently heads of departments never
do. As a kind of corporation counsel in aesthetic matters, the.
Commission has not been over-much troubled with work. It i&
only recently that it has obtained any appropriation staff or^
official habitation. During the past week, however, its re-',
jection of the Horgan and Slattery plans for an extension to
the Court House shows of what use it raay be to the city even
under present conditions.
An Art Commission is so much of an innovation, and the
aesthetic problems involved in a matter of municipal policy are
still such an easily negligible aspect thereof, that at present any;
attempt to enlarge the functions of the Commission so it shall
have some powers of initiative would be hopeless. The Commis-'
sion must win its way to public approval and recognition by
means of public services. It is so hampered by its constitution
that it cannot undertake such services except when called on
for that purpose; and it is to be hoped that the present adminisÂ¬
tration will give, as it can very well give, to the Art CommisÂ¬
sion, a chance to be of actual use to the city. The Mayor has
shown in the ease of the Rapid Transit Commission, a disposiÂ¬
tion to call to his assistance the knowledge and good judgment
of expert commissions. Why not give the Art Commission an
opportunity to justify its existence and the extension of its
powers by making use in some important matter of its knowlÂ¬
edge and good judgment?
Such an opportunity is offered by the very important quesÂ¬
tion of the Brooklyn Bridge terminus. The Art Commission alÂ¬
ready has authority on the premises, in that under the revised
charter, it must give its consent to the plans for any "public
structure" costing over $1,000,000, Why should not the advice of
this Commission be asked as to the whole treatment of the space
between the City Hall, the new Hall of Records and the Brooklyn
Bridge terminus? This is one of the most frequented and imÂ¬
portant squares in the city. At the present time the enormous
trafiic going to and from the Brooklyn Bridge traverses it; and
in a few years the equally large traffic of the new Subway will
flood its spaces with double the number of people now passing
through. Yet in spite ot its very public character, it is now
largely occupied by an ugly and incongruous collection of buildÂ¬
ings, and in all the discussions of the terminal problem not'
a person has suggested that this space should be made into a '
large and handsome public square. If there is any improveÂ¬
ment now pending in this city, in the planning of which aesthetic
considerations should not be ignored, it is the improvement of
the Brooklyn Bridge terminus. The old buildings, which now
encumber the space should all be torn down, and in case a '
new building is erected, it should be situated so as not to inÂ¬
terfere with the freedom of movement thereabouts, and so aa
to compose architectually with the City Hall and the new
Hall of Records. The only one of these old buildings, which some
people want to preserve, is the old Hall of Records, but there
is not in our opinion any sufficient reason for its preservation.
True it is the oldest municipal building in the city; but its past
associations are unpleasant, and afford no excuse for its perÂ¬
petuation. Its present appearance is due to a reconstruction,
which took place in 1832, and which while it gave it a more preÂ¬
tentious design from an architectural point of view, only proÂ¬
vided an additional reason for its destruction. It was again
altered during Tweed times at an expense of $140,000 without addÂ¬
ing anything to it, except an unwholesome third story, in which
the folio writers in the Register's office have ever since passed