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i March 28,1885
The "Record and Guide.
THE RECORD AND GUIDE,
Fiihlished every Saturday,
IQl Broad-way, IT. 'X'.
ONE TEAR, in advance, SIX DOLLARS.
Communications should be addressed to
C. W. SWEET, 191 Broadway.
J. T. LINDSEY, Busiuess Manager.
MARCH 28, 1885,
NÂ«W YOHK CITY.
Salra of the Week.
Assignments of Mortgages.
Satisfied Mechanics' Liens.
Alterations of Buildings.
All Oeneral News about Real Estate and
Proceedings of Board of Aldermeu and
Board of Assessors Ailecting Real
Building Material Market aud QuotaÂ¬
Westehester Co. Conveyances.
Assignments of Mortgages.
Satisfied Mechanics' Uens.
Alterations of Buildings.
All General News about Real Estate
Essex and Hudton Co.
The balance of probabilities would seem to be against the breali-
ing out of war at this time Isetween Great Britain and Russia. The
Czar would doubtless be willing to open hostilities if the great
intemational duel could be confined to the two powers most interÂ¬
ested. Russia has everything to gain and notliing to lose by war
with England. She has no foreign trade to be injured, and even
a British victory in Afghanistan would leave her in undisputed
possession of her recent conquests in Central Asia. Then a foreign
war would put an end, for the time being, to domestic discontent
and the plots of the Nihilists. It might result in giving prestige to
the reigning dynasty. Herat, in possession of the Muscovite troops,
would be a constant menace to the British domination in the East
Indies, and when next Russia moved against Constantinople the
British government might be induced to remain neutral for fear of
trouble in Hindoostan.
The Gladstone government will go to almost any length to avoid
a conflict with the Colossus of the North ; but England would risk
a war against the world in arms rather than allow Herat to fall
into the possession of the Russians. She considers the preservation
of that place of more importance, as far as her future is concerned,
than any spot on earth, but any concession will be made to avoid
war, provided it does not involve the surrender of the key to the
Indies to the Russian armies.
But, apparently, Bismarck is master of the situation. Germany
has cast covetous eyes on Russian Poland and on the Baltic proÂ¬
vinces, which contain more German than Russian inhabitants. It
is known that Austria is ready to occupy Bothnia and Constanti.
nople if Bismarck gives the word. Russia would, therefore, run
the risk, if she does not heed the warnings of Germany, of losing
hundreds of miles of her present European frontier and of being
pushed back into the interior. It has been understood that France
will be the ally of Russia if the latter power goes to war with
Germany. But France is now engaged in hostiUties with China
and could not aflford to confront not only Germany, but Great
Britain, which she will have to do if Russia measures swords with
her old antagonist and conqueror.
If Russia should decide on war it would be because the despot
who rules that nation is willing to take tremendous risks. After
the Russian forces had beaten the Turks in the last war and were
within sight of Constantinople she was deprived of the fruits of
htr viqtj^ries by Bismarck, who did not permit her to retain any of
tho cOi riseT^d territory. True, Turkey was robbed of her provinces,
but it Wq eeieJbe profit of Austria, not Russia. If there was a wise
connÂ«r^.^j ^Qj.j^,verument in control of the latter power there would
be no fear of war. Everything depends on the will of the Czar, and
he may take all the chances. It is a noticeable fact that the Berlin
bankers have taken no stock in war rumors, which shows that
Bismarck is determined to preserve the peace of Europe and the
world for the present at least.
While lawyers have monopolized all the offices of honor or profit
in this country, they have permitted our government to be repreÂ¬
sented abroad in part at least by men of lettersâhistorians, poets,
journalists and the like. Hence our diplomatic service has been
enriched by such names as Washington Irving, George Bancroft,
William Cullen Bryant, James Russell Lowell, Motley HoweUs,
Bret Hart, John Bigelow, John Russell Young, Marsh and others
of the same fraternity. But the group of lawyers who make up
President Cleveland's Cabinet seem to have a contempt for " these
literary fellows," and are unaware that theie is any talent outside
of their own profession. Hence all our foreign appointments are
lawyers, not very distinguished ones either, for if our new MinisÂ¬
ter to England had been a man of commanding legal talent, he
would have remained in Washington, where he once held a minor
office in the Treasury Department, or he would have gravitated to
the great capitals, Boston and New York. But, no doubt, Mr.
Cleveland is wise in his choice. Lawyers are popular in this
country. They monopolize all the avenues of power and no one
It is curious how different the feeling is in England. A corresÂ¬
pondent of the Tribune states that Milner Gibson made the best
speech in Parlament on the Egyptian question, but it faUed to have
any effect, because, the correspondent said, "Mr. Gibson is a lawyer,
and what a lawyer says has no weight with the British public." The
last census returned 64,000 persons who claimed to be lawyers; but
not more than one of six of these makes a living in the profession.
Hence it follows that ecery office of trust and honor in this country
is bestowed upon a profession that really numbers not more than
10,000 or 12,000 persons. It is aU right, of course, but ambitious
young men must bear in mind that if they wish to achieve distincÂ¬
tion in politics it is indispensable that they become members of the
legal profession. None others are tolerated in this country among
our ruling class.
Mayor Grace's meeting to antagonize the new parks was fairly
successful. There was a large and respectable attendance, and
undoubtedly there are many taxpayers who woiJd be glad if the
whole of the projected parks were dispensed with. But the other
side is also strongly backed. The names have been published of
those who endorsed the new parks, and the list includes some of
the foremost men of the city. There is a good deal of feeling on
both sides, but we judge were the mattÂ«r put to vote that a large
majority not only of the voters, but the taxpayers would favor the
The spring election project was killed in the State Senate during
the past week. In no sense can this be regarded as a misfortune.
It would have cost the city a couple of hundred thousand dollars
and the various party organs twice as much more, and there Is no
reason to believe that spring elections would in any way improve
our city government. They have been tested in the previous hisÂ¬
tory of the city. From 1830 to 1849 city officers were chosen on the
second Tuesday of April. From 1849 to 1857 the municipal and
state elections were held on the same day. From 1857 to 1870 city
officers were chosen on the first Tuesday in December. Since 1870
all the elections were held in November. We have therefore tried
separate elections the first time for nineteen years and afterwards
for thirteen years, and they were abandoned as not giving any
better results than when all the elections were held on one day. The
problem after all is to choose good representatives and city officers,
and to do this requires some new machinery beyond changing the
day upon which all the elections are held.
Speaking of elections recaUs the fact that France is about to
accept the reform which it rejected when proposed by Gambette.
The Deputies to the lower chamber are to be chosen in groups, not
individually, as in this country and England. That is to say, in the
various departments the voters will express their preference for a
number of Deputies instead of for one. It was complained that the
Deputies under the past system thought only of their own districts
and not at all of France. Hence party organizations lost cohesive
power and legislation in a large way was impossible. A similar
change would greatly advantage this country. If one-half of our
representatives were elected on a general ticket or by states, conÂ¬
gressional legislation would be far more satisfactory than it has
been. The interests of Peoria and Podunk in our House of RepresenÂ¬
tatives now take precedence of measures to benefit the state and
the nation. This should not be.
The introduction of a bill granting a franchise for a bridge across
Staten Island Sound i i the New Jersey Legislature is a strong